Pullman finally gave up any ideas on running services in Europe, sold the Italian Pullman cars and withdrew to England. Pullman died in 1887. The British Pullman Ltd (being separate from the American company but still owned by them) was then run by the trustees of his estate.
George Nagelmackers continued to expand his empire, providing boat trains in France to meet the Transatlantic liners. The Sud Express and Nord Express, inaugurated in 1896 and then in 1898 began with services in Russia and Egypt. Nagelmacker’s son Rene married Davidson Dalziel's daughter in 1903, Dalziel's joined the Wagons-Lits Board while George Nagelmackers died suddenly in 1905 at the age of 60.
Dalziel's began to negotiate the purchase of the British Pullman Car company from the Executors of Pullman and concluded successfully in 1906. Dalziel's then granted the right to use the name Pullman to Wagons-Lits anywhere in Europe, excluding Britain, and Egypt.
Nagelmackers not only had occupied himself with the establishment of train services across Europe, but also involved himself with the provision of hotels for his passengers, the first of which, The Avendia Palace in Lisbon, was opened in 1891, followed by one in Nice in 1893. This was followed by many more in various locations across the continent. In 1894 CIWL formed the ‘Compagnie Internationale des Grand Hotels’. This organisation took over the CIWL hotels as well as purchasing existing high class hotels and building new ones.